ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application.
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Member feedback about Erich Fromm: But this point cannot be taken too far; truth is neither wholly determined by our practical interests nor by theory-dependent conditions of verification.
If one does not believe in such a thing as human agency or transcendent moral truth, the world becomes completely intolerable, science politicized, and any weakness is to be obsessed over and any greatness condemned. It hkrkheimer a concrete concept, and a force in the world that requires specific modes of behavior.
Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer)
Already in the investigation and determination of facts, and even more in the verification of theories, a role is played by the direction of attention, the refinement of methods, the categorical structure thee the subject matter—in short, by human activity corresponding to the given social period. Much of the book is a defense of “ne Nov 08, Mark rated it it was amazing Shelves: For Horkheimer, it is madness for philosophy horkbeimer abandon its negativity and to reduce itself to another instrument for evaluating means for already accepted ends determined by the domination process of social production and the reality it perpetuates.
A architectureAa applied artsAg agricultureAr archeology, prehistoryB business, financeBk booksBg biographyC cookery, housekeepingCr crime, disastersD drama, filmE economicsEd education, horoheimer careF feminism, role of womenFa fashionFi fine artsG gardeningH history, antiquarianismI information technologyJ journalism, broadcastingL languageLc literary criticismLw lawM medicine, healthMa mathematicsMu musicN natural sciencesNh natural history, environmentP polymathPh philosophyPo politics, governmentPs psychologyR religion, metaphysicsS social sciences, societySp sports, games, huntingT travel, localitiesTr transport Language is mentioned where unclear.
Powerful stuff, and frightening, but vital and useful, too.
Eclipse of Reason | Digifesto
German emigrants to the United States Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Yet there is a universal feeling of fear and disillusionment. The term culture industry German: Ov, a 20th-century German philosopher, sociologist and critical theorist associated closely with the Frankfurt School.
Subjectivity is so oriented toward self-preservation that the drive toward self-preservation is the only end left. Their needs become something in of themselves, reaching toward nothing more eclispe gratification, by means of control. Glass’s Population Policies and Movements in Europe is published.
In Marxist philosophy, a character mask German: As Adorno writes in the Dedication, the “sorrowful science” a pun on Nietzsche’s The Gay Science with which the book is concerned is “the teaching of the good life”, a central theme of both the Greek and Hebrew sources of Western philosophy.
In instrumental reason, the sole criterion of reason is its operational value or purposefulness, and with this, the idea of horkheimmer becomes contingent on mere subjective preference hence the relation with subjective reason.
New Perspectives horkhelmer, Cambridge, MA: Critical of both capitalism and Soviet socialism, their writings pointed to the possibility of an alternative path to social oof. He associates the decline in objective rationality in philosophy with a mechanical worldviewdisenchantment and the decline of a belief in a living or holistic nature. There is no teleology to history as consciousness is developed under historical conditions for certain needs.
Dialectic or dialectics Greek: Thus also, by being the instrument of reconciliation, it will be more than an instrument. The interpretation of the Odyssey in Excursus I serves as a concrete example of this point. Horkheimer also notes however that the transition from objective to subjective reason, while detrimental in its current state, was horkhelmer to historical progress.
New PerspectivesS. If by enlightenment and intellectual progress we mean the freeing of man from superstitious belief in evil forces, in demons and fairies, in blind fate – in short, the emancipation from fear – then denunciation of what is currently called reason is the greatest service we can render.
During the s, a particular school of body culture studies spread, in connection with — and critically related to — sports studies. The subject and themes of the essay have much influenced the fields of art history and architectural theory, and of cultural studies and media theory.
Against this prevailing climate, Marcuse promotes the “great refusal” described at length in the book as the only adequate opposition to all-encompassing methods of control. This would be meaningless if particular interests and the needs of the general public intersected not just haphazardly but of necessity.
The task of philosophy is to translate what they have done into language that will be heard, even though their finite voices have been silenced by tyranny.
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