English: The Codex Borbonicus is an aztec codex held at the library of the Français: Le Codex Borbonicus est un codex aztèque conservé à. The Codex Borbonicus is thought to be the only one whose style matches the pre -Conquest Náhuatl style, nevertheless it is considered to be a colonial copy. Alongside the Codex Borbonicus and Codex Magliabechiano, there were several Aztec codices produced around the time of the Spanish conquest. Some were.

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However, as we shall see, the material is quite easily comprehensible. They both wear the golden tobacco gourd of the High priest, the male is eminently priestly, holding his incensario with flame and smoke, the priests’ bag for incense and the bone awl for piercing one’s flesh in penance.

Aztec manuscript under the microscope

Never before had he had the opportunity to acquire such a treasure, even if the source of the Nahuatl manuscript he purchased for 1, gold francs at auction was unknown and two of its pages were missing. It is fortuitous that each group should have a different dominant figure occupying positions near the centre of each side of a page, but it is not fortuitous that the frames were made round two pages and not arranged otherwise.

The day-signs are not the usual twenty but a repetition of four, Tochtli, Acatl, Tecpatl and Calli The unity between the pages is in the borders where a series of day signs, each with its accompanying Lord of the Night, is presented in sequence. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: Then come the religious ceremonies associated with the 18 day months that make up a year.

Either pair of gods would present a typically Mexican contrasted duaUty, but it would be difficult to imagine a Mexican priest depicting the Holy Quetzalcoatl offering incense to the demonic Tezcatlipoca. The first section is the period when one is still the child under the tutelage of the Creators of Life and the Lord of Birth.

A Glimpse into Ancient Mexico: The comments were added no doubt as the document was explained to the commentator by a native informant after the conquest. The outward meaning of the picture on page 21 is that the blessings of the year-bearer days of the first twenty-six years of the 52 year cycle were the blessings of creation and beginning of things. The spiral form of the pages are dictated by necessity of composition, borbonicu unconsciously they are the recurrent spiral of rebirth.


Copyright Office before January 1, This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published or registered with the U. It is one of six documents — an original parchment dating from the trial of Joan of Arc, a ninth-century Bible, two Rousseau manuscripts and the Serment borbonicue Jeu de Paume Tennis Court oath — that have not been allowed out of the country since the s.

Borvonicus decorations of the persons in this picture are important. This is maturity and age contrasted and united, but with Xiuhtecuhtli who is also the first of all the Lords of the Night holding his hands open in protection just as the Lords of the Night hold their hands over each day-sign in their care. Nevertheless when we look at Codex Rios 2 we find in the paintings of the four bornonicus of the world the pair who are to begin the next human race are set in a red background as are this pair in Borbonicus.

There is no trace in any early source of the number nine in association with divisions of the nights. Cosex fact on p.

Codex Borbonicus

The unfortunate association of these deities with hypothetical hours has confused the understanding of Mexican beliefs for a long time now, and it is the more regrettable that the error was accepted without questioning by those great authorities Eduard Seler 2 and George Vaillant 3. There are occasional errors in the Spanish comments, notably on pages 21 and 22 wich are described by the commentator as months.

The centre pictures carry the idea further. We must now pay attention to codxe 21 and 22 as a special section with a meaning of its own. The Codex Borbonicus is an Aztec codex written by Aztec priests shortly before or after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The researches of Dr. Organic pigments have a special texture and brilliance that suited the aesthetic standards of the Aztecs — a beautiful colour should be bright.

This is the structure upon which the whole thing depends. I feel that this symbol of the red palace and flowing waters is a symbol of birth, and lays emphasis on the note of the commentator.

The large-formatted illuminated manuscript delivers information like no other. Elsewhere they dance round the ritual xocotl tree, in an end-of-year offering to the flowers. On the other hand the shell circlet on the breast belongs codxe gods of change, Tezcatlipoca, Xipe Totec and Mict- lantecuhtli.


The picture-writing of the first illustration is unmistakeable. Instead, the Patrimex system is being used. In addition the god on p.

The Patrimex hyperspectral imaging system operates in a series of spectral bands ranging from the visible to infra-red and will photograph the Codex in bands. We have 1 facsimile edition of the manuscript “Codex Borbonicus”: The codex is named after the Palais Bourbon in France.

File:Codex Borbonicus (p. 4).jpg – Wikimedia Commons

The female is a healer, she holds a bowl and sprinkles maize grains to determine the chance of recovery of those who were sick.

If it is a copy, it vodex have been produced just after the Spanish conquest, but using traditional techniques. The original pictures all point the same way as Borbonicus, that the Lords of the Night were Lords in succession on successive days of the whole period from sunset to sunrise, just as the Day Lords ruled the second period from sunrise to sunset, one for each day in turn.

The sequence is numerical, we find the numbers One to Thirteen four times over on the two pages, fifty two in all. The picture was framed by the calendrical sequence of years because the table was used for determining the generative forces which commanded the name-day of each year ; but nevertheless in some special way the standard period of 52 years, the Xiuhmolpilli, was the symbol of the life of man, and also the hope of continuance beyond the short span ; for the Lord of the Centre is also the Lord of Ce Cipactli, the first day of ce counts.

The third section borbojicus focused on rituals and ceremonies, particularly those that end the year cycle, when the ” new fire ” must be lit.

We now come to a kind of reversal of ideas bobronicus the second half of the 52 year cycle. Very few survived the Spanish inquisition. Then come two unique pages, 21 and 22, followed by a list of the day festivals which are timed for a year Ce Tochtli One Rabbit and which lead up to a seventeenth festival which is the New Fire Ceremony as presented at the inauguration of the year Ome Acatl Two Arrow-reed in November 2.

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